dentist
0-12
Months
1-4
Years
5-10
Years
11+
Years
General
Information by Age Group:
0-12 Months 1-4 Years 5-10 Years 11+ Years General

Tips On Brushing

  • Brush at least twice a day, in particular after breakfast and before bedtime. During sleep, saliva in the mouth decreases, leaving the teeth more vulnerable to tooth decay.
  • Brush with a soft or extra-soft bristled toothbrush.
  • Brush for at least 3 minutes. A timer is helpful to ensure each tooth is brushed.
  • Brush systematically and it will become second nature. Try to incorporate a systematic route/method of brushing all the teeth. For example, brushing the top teeth from left to right and then from the inside from right to left.
  • Change toothbrushes regularly. As soon as the bristles start to bend and flare, it is time to change the toothbrush. We recommend a new toothbrush every 3 months.
  • Use a Canadian Dental Association approved toothpaste with fluoride.
How To Brush

For younger children: Simply have your children scrub their teeth in a back and forth motion on the inner, outer and chewing surfaces.

For older children: We recommend the modified Bass brushing technique.
  1. Hold the toothbrush horizontally against your teeth with the bristles directed 45 degrees towards the gumline.
  2. Move the bristles of the toothbrush in circular motions with a gentle motion for approximately 20 strokes.
  3. Finally roll the bristles towards the biting surface of the tooth.
  4. Repeat for each tooth until all the teeth are brushed.
  5. To brush the inside of the front teeth, angle the brush vertically and use the same circular roll motion.
  6. To clean the biting surfaces of the teeth, hold the bristles of the toothbrush on the biting surfaces and brush back and forth until all the teeth are cleaned. Remember, these biting surfaces often have deep pits and fissures on the chewing surfaces that need to be cleaned effectively.
  7. Rinse thoroughly with water to flush out any debris and food.
Flossing

Flossing is the only way to clean between the teeth. Essentially think of flossing as an “in-between toothbrush”. Even baby teeth need to be flossed by parents. Baby molars often do not have space between them that allows for a self cleansing action to take place. By the time the child is 10, flossing can be done independently or with little or no supervision.

Flossing Wands
These simple wishbone flossing aids are an easy introduction to daily flossing. User friendly and easier to use than fingers, flossing wands are a great innovation.

How to Floss
  1. Break off approximately 18 inches of floss and wind one end of the floss around your middle finger.
  2. Use a short segment of the floss and hold the floss between your thumb  and index finger of  both hands.
  3. Guide the floss gently between the teeth and see-saw through the contact.
  4. Once it is through the contact, curve the floss in a "C" shape and slide it along the tooth and underneath the gumline. Slide the floss up and down to scrape debris and plaque away from the tooth surface. Then repeat this process against the neighboring tooth.
  5. Repeat this process until all surfaces between the teeth are flossed.
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